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What has been over the years centre of interest for Archaeologists and Anthropologists it is the incredible effects ancient civilizations had on the evolution of human beings; this happened in a very short time.

Everything starts with the early human (hominids) that for centuries followed Palaeolithic schemes to live on (2.5M of years ago); they then learnt the art of agriculture and cattle breeding to better survive (10.000 years ago). In some excavation that go back to the Palaeolithic times, researchers found rough tools made out of stone that lead them to a much more interesting discovery; buildings, palaces, temples, artefacts made with iron. The usual hominid in a short time transformed himself to Architect, Engineer, Artisan.

All cultures talk about deities coming from the sky, accompanied by rumbles of thunder and flames; our creators came down on earth to make it more habitable and show the human race new techniques to take advantage of the natural resources. The hominids literally witness the greatest change in the history of Humankind.
It is for this reasons that all human cultures remember the same events or occurrences in the form of Legends or Myths.
From the first ancient brahmin tablets, the cuneiform scripts of Ur, to the Bible where Isaiah describes the arrival from the sky of gods descending on burning chariots; we see the transmission of knowledge, lows and rules to the Humankind (Moses). Moreover, another occurrence that is mentioned by all civilizations is the Great Flood.
Throughout the centuries, each civilization transformed and developed forms of cults and myths, but all of them when deeply studied seem to belong to a common original matrix.

In Archaic Knowledge we investigate on myth, rituals, and legends common to the great civilizations of the Humankind. Our History is a lot more complex than what it looks.

Etruscan Cosmogony

	
	
	    	
    	    	
    	    	
    	    	
    	    	
    	


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Etruscan Cosmogony 5/5 (4)

Many researchers would agree with the possibility of common characteristics between civilizations that develop even if far away from each other. They would have common thoughts regarding Cosmogony, Religiosity, the vision of the Sacred and the structure of the Celestial Universe, in other words they share somehow the disposition of the venerated Gods. It has also been assessed that many ancient divinities have in common features and their stories where they are the main protagonists…

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Etruscan Books Haruspicini

Etruscan Books Haruspicini

Divination was the main subject treated through these books. More specifically the observation of lightening and animals’ guts was the method to practice Divination.
The Babylonians already in 3000 BC used to practice Divination by the analysis of animals’ guts, usually they were head of cattle, goats with particular characteristics. The liver was considered the spring of blood, so, the spring of life. The sacerdos usually called bārû, use to take into consideration during their divination reading apart the liver, also the lobs, the gall-bladder, the appendix; Dimensions and Location of the organs was very important…

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Etruscan Books Fulgurales

	
	
	    	
    	    	
    	    	
    	    	
    	    	
    	


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Etruscan Books Fulgurales 5/5 (5)

First of all it is useful to state that for the Etruscans the Gods communicate through the use of Thunderbolts (the divine lightning). This divine sign used to be interpreted by the Etruscans using three types of classification. These signs could be understood by the adoption of the TEMPLUM Model that allowed the interpretation of the divine messages. Through rituals it was possible then to modify their effects or even obtain redemption.

Nine were the Gods allowed to throw Thunderbolts on Earth; amongst them only Tinia (Tin) could throw three (one for each one of his celestial places)…

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Etruscan Discipline

	
	
	    	
    	    	
    	    	
    	    	
    	    	
    	


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Etruscan Discipline 5/5 (3)

The Etruscan Discipline is the complex of all spiritual magic techniques and principles the Etruscans used to embrace for their society.

The religiosity was based on two aspects that were the sacred and the divination.

The Sacred aspect was based on the celestial TEMPLUM (augural doctrine of the TEMPLUM). This was an accurate symbolic model of the sacred place where Gods would be living; the Etruscans used to follow this model to build their settlements…

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Etruscan Books Rituales

	
	
	    	
    	    	
    	    	
    	    	
    	    	
    	


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Etruscan Books Rituales 5/5 (4)

The Etruscan books were texts full of principles created to guide the society, the politics, and the religious life of the Etruscans. Subsequently during the first century BC, these books were translated in latin by Tarquinius Priscus (Libri Tarquitani) and re-examined by Cicero (De Divinatione)… The Rituales bookswere a collection of rituals for the creation of cities, temples, and houses. In these books were written all rules that governed the organisation of politics, religiousity, the army for the good of the community and not least the methods to adopt for wars or peace treaties…

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Etruscans Portrait Etruscan Faces

	
	
	    	
    	    	
    	    	
    	    	
    	    	
    	


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Etruscans Portrait Etruscan Faces 5/5 (7)

In 1989 appeared in the libraries the collection of books ‘’Millelire’’ an initiative proposed by ‘’Stampa Alternativa Edizioni’’. Among its publications there is a curious book titled Ritratti Etruschi (Etruscan portraits) written by the roman photographer Marco Delogu. This composition is part of a broader project focused on the association of different individual portraits and their common experiences…

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